Lyprinol® is a mixture of five main lipid classes including sterol esters, triglycerides, free fatty acids, sterols and polar lipids. There are approximately 8-10 different marine sterols in the sterol esters and sterol fractions. It also contains more than 30 different essential fatty acids which are mixtures of saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Lyprinol® is a source of long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids which are essential for health in humans. The two main omega-3 PUFA's present in Lyprinol® are eicosapentaenoic acid (20 carbons and 5 double bonds, shorthand =20:5 omega-3) (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6 omega-3) (DHA).
It also contains several other fatty acids which belong to the omega-3 PUFA family. These fatty acids all have four double bonds and have carbon chain lengths of 18, 19 and 20 carbon atoms, respectively, thus they are described as 18:4 omega-3 (18:4n-3), 19:4 omega-3 and 20:4 omega-3 (ETA).